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Flat Earth Academy- Science

Biology: The organisation of Living Things

What you Need To Know

This is a work in progress... please bear with me, come back and watch it grow? Send constructive suggestions?

I hope eventually to provide "What you Need To Know" pages for other topics.

Living things are grouped as follows. Where a name is written inside parentheses, it is of a group that a serious scientist wouldn't like, but which I feel is useful for the purposes of general knowledge.

Animal kingdom

  Chordates phylum

    Vertebrates class

    (And you should know there are other classes. One example will do, e.g. tunicates, hag"fish" or lancelets.)

  Arthropod phylum

    Insects class

    Crustaceans class

    Spiders, etc., class

    Myriapods class (centipedes, millipedes)

  Molluscs phylum

  Worm phyla (Remember there are several, please.)

  Echinoderm phylum

  Sponges phylum

  Jellyfish phylum

  "Microscopic animals phylum"

  (And please remember that there are some other animal phyla, too.)

Plant kingdom

  Seeded plant "phylum"

    Flowering plants "class". (You should know many very different examples of flowering plants. They are more than just what you grow in a flowerbed!)

    Conifers "class"

    (And you should know there are other seeded plant "classes", but don't need to remember examples.)

  Fern, etc. "phylum"

     Ferns, horsetails

  Moss, Liverwort, etc. "phylum"

  Alga "phylum"

     Phytoplankton, seeweed, "green slime".

Fungus kingdom

   Mushrooms, molds, etc.

Bacteria "kingdom" (You don't need to know the subdivisions.)

Virus kingdom (You don't need to know the subdivisions.)


Nope. Sorry. Besides knowing the above...which will put you ahead of most people you will meet in everyday life... you should know...

The overall scheme biologists use in naming things. You should know that every organism is a member of....

You should... sorry... be able to write that list out from memory.

Each group subdivides the group above it.

The smaller the group, the more alike the organisms in it are.

To name a particular organism, scientists the world over give just the genus and species name for that, they write the names in italics, with a capital letter on the genus name, small letters everywhere else, e.g. humans are Homo sapiens. Try to learn the "Latin" name for a few examples which amuse you. I always liked Parus atricapillus because it is rather long for the very small bird it names. And I liked the "atricapillus" bit which means "black headed". Which examples you learn is unimportant... but know some.

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